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Global Indoor Farming Market is estimated to witness a rise in revenue from US$ 28.7 billion in 2022 to US$ 67.0 billion by 2031 at a healthy CAGR of 10.1% during the forecast period 2023-2031.
The Global indoor farming market has witnessed significant growth in recent years, largely due to the numerous advantages it offers over traditional agriculture. The primary factor responsible for this growth is the reduced impact of external weather conditions, which enables indoor farming to provide fresh produce consistently throughout the year. Additionally, the rising demand for fresh foods with high nutritive value has further fueled the market growth. Compared to traditional farming, indoor farming requires fewer natural resources, reduces water needs, transportation costs, and agricultural land use, while also eliminating the need for pesticides and chemicals. Furthermore, the increasing demand for organic food has resulted in qualitative changes in the production, processing, distribution, and marketing of food.
However, the growth of the indoor farming market is limited by the high initial costs involved in setting up indoor farming facilities. The cost of urban land is higher than that of farmland, and the devices and equipment required for indoor farming are expensive, which requires significant investment. Moreover, the types of crops that can be grown indoors are restricted, which further limits market growth.
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Driver: Increasing Demand for Fresh and Locally Grown Produce
The demand for fresh and locally grown produce has been increasing in recent years due to various factors, such as the desire for healthier eating, concerns over food safety, and the desire to reduce the carbon footprint of food production and transportation. Indoor farming allows for the production of fresh and high-quality produce year-round in a controlled environment, making it an attractive option for consumers and retailers in the global indoor farming market. Indoor farming can also help address the issue of food deserts, which are areas where fresh produce is not readily available, by providing a local source of fresh produce.
Trend: Technological Advancements in Indoor Farming
Technological advancements in indoor farming have made it possible to optimize the growing environment and reduce operational costs. For example, LED lighting is more energy-efficient and produces less heat than traditional lighting, reducing energy consumption and cooling costs. Automation and artificial intelligence can help optimize plant growth and reduce labor costs in the indoor farming market. Indoor farming can also incorporate sustainable practices such as using renewable energy sources and recycling water, reducing the environmental impact of food production.
Restrain: High Capital Costs and Operational Expenses
Indoor farming requires significant investment in infrastructure, such as lighting, HVAC systems, and hydroponic equipment. The cost of setting up and operating an indoor farm can be a significant barrier to entry for new entrants to the market, limiting the scalability of existing operations. However, as the global indoor farming market, the cost of equipment and supplies is expected to decrease, making indoor farming more accessible to a wider range of investors and entrepreneurs.
Challenge: Energy Consumption and Environmental Impact
Indoor farming can be energy-intensive, requiring large amounts of electricity to power lighting, heating, and cooling systems. This high energy consumption can lead to increased greenhouse gas emissions and higher operating costs. However, as the industry continues to evolve, there is a growing focus on incorporating sustainable practices such as using renewable energy sources and incorporating energy-efficient technologies. Additionally, waste products from indoor farming, such as nutrient-rich wastewater, can be recycled and used for other purposes, reducing environmental impact.
Segmental Analysis of Global Indoor Farming Market Report
By Growing System
The hydroponics segment is currently the largest segment in the indoor farming market, accounting for the highest market share in 2022. This is due to the fact that hydroponics allows for cultivation in smaller spaces as it does not require soil. Instead, plants are grown in a nutrient-rich solution, which reduces the amount of space required for cultivation. Furthermore, hydroponic systems have the ability to produce high yields and are more efficient than traditional agriculture.
On the other hand, the aeroponics segment is expected to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period as it is considered to be the future of indoor farming technology. Aeroponics is a soil-free method of growing plants that uses mist to provide the plants with the necessary nutrients. It offers several advantages over other growing systems, such as higher yields, reduced water usage, and a shorter growing cycle.
By Crop Type
In terms of crop type, the common crops segment held the largest share in the indoor farming market in 2022. This includes crops such as tomatoes, lettuce, and cucumbers, which are commonly grown in indoor farming systems due to their high demand and profitability. Indoor farming provides a controlled environment for growing these crops, which results in higher yields and better quality produce.
Moreover, the herbs segment is expected to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period. This is because growing herbs indoors offers various benefits, such as fragrant foliage, with varying foliage shapes and colors. Herbs are also in high demand for culinary and medicinal purposes, making them a profitable crop for indoor farming.
The lighting segment is estimated to hold the largest share in the global indoor farming market and highest CAGR over the forecast period as it is the most crucial part of developing a perfect indoor farming environment. Proper lighting is essential for the growth and development of plants in indoor farming systems. Artificial lighting systems, such as LED lighting, have enabled the creation of the ideal atmosphere for growing vegetables on a large scale with shorter growing cycles and higher yields. LED lighting is more energy-efficient and emits less heat, making it a more sustainable option than traditional lighting systems.
Furthermore, the automation segment is also expected to grow at a significant rate during the forecast period due to the increasing demand for smart indoor farming solutions. Automation technology enables the control of various environmental factors, such as temperature, humidity, and lighting, which results in higher yields and more efficient use of resources.
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Europe is currently the leading region in the global indoor farming market, accounting for the largest share of the market in 2022. This is due to the increasing adoption of greenhouse and vertical farm technologies in the region, which has resulted in higher production volumes of indoor-grown crops. Europe held a share of 35% in the global market in 2022.
The top producers of indoor-grown crops in Europe include Netherlands, Denmark, and Spain. The Netherlands is the largest producer of greenhouse-grown vegetables in Europe, accounting for over 30% of the total production in the region. Denmark is also a major player in the indoor farming market, with a high adoption rate of hydroponic and vertical farming systems. Spain is another important market for indoor farming, with a focus on the production of high-value crops such as strawberries, raspberries, and blueberries.
The adoption rate of indoor farming systems in Europe is increasing rapidly, driven by the need for sustainable agricultural practices and the rising demand for locally grown, fresh produce. Consumers in Europe are increasingly accepting of indoor-grown crops, with a growing awareness of the benefits of indoor farming, such as reduced use of pesticides and herbicides, and lower water usage.
In North America, the United States is the largest market for indoor farming, with a share of 28% in the global indoor farming market in 2022. The adoption of indoor farming technologies in the US is driven by the need for year-round production of fresh produce, especially in regions with extreme weather conditions. The top producers of indoor-grown crops in the US include BrightFarms, AeroFarms, and Plenty, among others.
List of Key Companies Profiled:
Global Indoor Farming Market is segmented based on growing system, crop type, technology and region.
By Growing System:
By Crop Type:
|Market Size Value in 2022||US$ 28.7 Billion|
|Expected Revenue in 2031||US$ 67.0 Billion|
|Unit||Value (USD Bn)|
|Segments covered||By Growing System, By Crop Type, By Technology, By Region|
|Key Companies||AeroFarms, AgriCool, Argus Control Systems, Bowery Farming, BrightFarms, Everlight Electronics, EXDIN Solutions, General Hydroponics, Gotham Greens, GP Solutions, Heliospectra AB, Infarm, Iron Ox, LumiGrow, Signify Holding, Sky Greens, SPREAD Co., Ltd., Other Prominent Players|
|Customization Scope||Get your customized report as per your preference. Ask for customization|
Indoor farming is the practice of growing plants or crops usually on a large scale, entirely indoors often in a specially controlled environment.
Reduce transportation cost, limited land use, water efficiency, environment-friendly, unaffected by adverse weather conditions, and no chemicals or pesticide usage.
By using artificial lights, environmental control systems, irrigation, and fertigation systems, all environmental conditions within the enclosed structure may be regulated.
Global indoor farming market was estimated at US$ 28.7 Billion in 2022 and is expected to reach US$ 67.0 Billion by 2031.
Europe held the major share in terms of revenue, in the global indoor farming market in 2022.
Factors such as the lesser impact of external weather conditions and rising demand for fresh foods with high nutritive value drive the growth in the global indoor farming market over the forecast period.
High initial investments and limitations on the types of crops that can be grown is a restraining factor that inhibits the growth of the market.
The aeroponics segment is expected to project the highest CAGR over the forecast period in the indoor farming market.
China held the major share in the Asia Pacific indoor farming market in 2022.
The production of new biopharmaceuticals continues to expand at a rapid pace, thus providing a lucrative growth opportunity in the market.
Growing system, crop type, and technology are the different segments in the global indoor farming market.
The key players operating in the market include are AeroFarms, Agricool, Argus Control Systems Limited, Bowery Farming Inc., BrightFarms, Everlight Electronics Co., Ltd., Gotham Greens and Grow Pod Solutions among others.
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