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Global harvesting robot market was valued at US$ 709.3 Mn in 2022 and is anticipated to grow at an annual growth rate of 21.8% to see a growth by US$ 3,463.1 Mn by 2031.
The growing demand for food security, coupled with the need to increase agricultural productivity to support the rising global population, has led to a surge in the adoption of smart agricultural practices. As a result, the global harvesting robot market is experiencing substantial growth. Researchers at the University of Bonn have highlighted that the global food production could decrease by over 20% by 2050 while the global population is projected to reach 9.8 billion, indicating a need for the responsible use and support of smart agricultural technologies to address this challenge.
Innovation in the harvesting robot market is driving growth, with recent developments such as the machine-learning-based vegetable-picking robot developed by researchers from the University of Cambridge. This technology has the potential to be applied to various crops to tackle agricultural labor shortages and reduce food waste.
The emerging concept of smart farming, which uses modern Information and Communication Technologies such as IoT, sensors, robots, and drones to manage farms, is expected to revolutionize the agriculture sector. This approach is anticipated to deliver a more productive and sustainable form of agricultural production, with reduced pesticide and fertilizer use, increased efficiency, and better food traceability.
Labor Shortage in Agriculture
Agriculture is a labor-intensive industry, and the availability of a skilled workforce is critical for its success. However, there has been a significant decline in the number of people willing to work in agriculture due to several factors such as low wages, difficult working conditions, and lack of career advancement opportunities. This has led to a shortage of skilled labor in the agricultural industry, which is where harvesting robots come into play. These robots can perform tasks such as picking crops and harvesting fruits, thereby reducing the dependence on human labor. As a result, the adoption of harvesting robots is on the rise, especially in regions where labor shortages are acute.
Increased Productivity and Efficiency
Harvesting robots are designed to perform tasks with higher accuracy, speed, and efficiency compared to human labor. They can work for longer hours without the need for rest, which means they can harvest crops faster and more efficiently than human workers. This increased efficiency results in higher yields and lower costs for farmers, leading to better profitability and increased competitiveness in the market.
High Capital Costs to Hamper Growth of the Global Harvesting Robot Market
The initial investment required to purchase and maintain harvesting robots can be prohibitively high for many farmers, especially small and medium-sized farms. While the long-term benefits of harvesting robots may outweigh the costs, the high upfront expenses can be a significant barrier to adoption. Additionally, as with any emerging technology, there may be a learning curve associated with operating and maintaining these robots, which can further increase costs for farmers who may not have the necessary technical expertise.
By Robot Type
By robot type, the market is segmented into two categories: semi-autonomous and fully autonomous robots. Semi-autonomous robots are those that require some level of human intervention or control to perform their tasks. These robots can be programmed to perform specific tasks, but they may need human input for certain aspects of their operation. Semi-autonomous robots are designed to work in collaboration with humans, enabling farmers to optimize their operations and improve efficiency.
Fully autonomous robots, on the other hand, are capable of performing tasks without human intervention. These robots are equipped with advanced sensors and technologies that enable them to navigate their surroundings and complete their assigned tasks with precision and accuracy. Fully autonomous robots are designed to work independently, without the need for human input.
In the global harvesting robot market, the semi-autonomous segment is currently generating more than 59% of the market revenue. This can be attributed to the fact that semi-autonomous robots are more widely used in the industry due to their versatility and lower cost compared to fully autonomous robots. Semi-autonomous robots are commonly used in agriculture and farming for tasks such as planting, harvesting, and weeding. These robots are designed to work alongside human workers, allowing farmers to optimize their operations and reduce labor costs.
On the other hand, fully autonomous robots are still a relatively new technology in the agriculture industry, and their high cost and complexity make them less accessible to many farmers. However, fully autonomous robots have the potential to revolutionize the industry by improving efficiency, reducing labor costs, and increasing productivity.
The global harvesting robot market is segmented by application into two categories: outdoor agriculture and greenhouse agriculture. Outdoor agriculture refers to the cultivation of crops in open fields, while greenhouse agriculture involves the use of enclosed structures such as greenhouses to grow crops. The outdoor agriculture segment of the global harvesting robot market is responsible for generating 57% of the market revenue. This can be attributed to the fact that outdoor agriculture is more widespread and accounts for a larger portion of the overall agricultural industry. Outdoor agriculture is used to grow a wide range of crops, including grains, fruits, vegetables, and other cash crops, which are essential for food security and economic growth.
The use of harvesting robots in outdoor agriculture can help farmers optimize their operations, improve productivity, and reduce labor costs. These robots are designed to perform a range of tasks, including planting, weeding, and harvesting, which can be time-consuming and labor-intensive for human workers.
Asia Pacific region is currently the fastest growing manufacturer and consumer of harvesting robots, accounting for the majority of the market share. The growth of the agricultural sector in countries such as China, India, and Japan has contributed to the high demand for harvesting robots in the region. The adoption of precision agriculture practices and the increasing need for food security have also driven the growth of the harvesting robot market in the Asia Pacific region.
That being said, Europe is an important market for harvesting robots and is expected to experience significant growth in the coming years. The region has a well-developed agricultural sector and a high level of technological advancement, which can support the adoption of harvesting robots. Additionally, the increasing demand for organic and sustainable agriculture practices in the region is expected to drive the growth of the harvesting robot market.
The European market for harvesting robots is primarily driven by countries such as Germany, the Netherlands, and France, which have large agricultural sectors and are home to several key players in the harvesting robot market. The adoption of harvesting robots in Europe is also supported by government initiatives that aim to increase the use of automation in the agricultural sector, which can help improve efficiency and reduce labor costs.
Competitors in the Market: Key Players
Tomato Harvester Companies
Segmentation Overview of Global Harvesting Robot Market
By Robot Type
By Harvesting Type
By Vegetable Harvesting Application
|Market Size Value in 2022||US$ 709.3 Mn|
|Expected Revenue in 2031||US$ 3,463.1 Mn|
|Unit||Value (USD Mn)|
|Segments covered||By Robot Type, Harvesting Type, Application, Vegetable Harvesting Application, and Region|
|Key Companies||Agrobot, Dogtooth Technologies Limited, FFRobotics, Green Robot Machinery Pvt. Ltd., Harvest Automation, HARVEST CROO, Other Prominent Players|
|Customization Scope||Get your customized report as per your preference. Ask for customization|
Rising demand from growing population and labor shortages in the farming sector across the globe is leading to a strong need for automation and robotization in the sector.
Humans have varying operational quality whereas harvesting robots can work consistently with no individual or temporal differences, can inspect the crop to detect diseases and monitor crop development, allowing for more efficient farm management.
The Global Harvesting Robot Market was valued at US$ 709.3 Mn in 2022.
The Global Harvesting Robot Market is estimated to expand at a CAGR of 21.8% over the projection period 2023-2031.
The harvesting robot market is majorly driven by factors such as growing demand for food security and gradually increasing awareness of smart agriculture.
The harvesting robot technologies have achieved only limited success due to highly unstructured orchard environment and variable outdoor conditions.
AI-equipped harvesting robots are an emerging opportunity in the Global Harvesting Robot Market due to their enhanced dexterity to tackle crops of various shapes and sizes.
Semi-autonomous robot type has the highest share in the Global Harvesting Robot Market in 2022.
Greenhouse agriculture application has the fastest CAGR in the Global Harvesting Robot Market in 2022.
Europe dominates the Global Harvesting Robot Market in 2022.
The key players in the Global Harvesting Robot Market are Agrobot, Dogtooth Technologies Limited, FFRobotics, Green Robot Machinery Pvt. Ltd., Harvest Automation, HARVEST CROO, CERESCON B.V., and Panasonic among others.
COVID-19 pandemic negatively impacted the market growth, as major players in the market reported a slight decline in their sales of harvesting robots.